Upper Respiratory Tract Infections Concept Map | Otitis Media | Rhinosinusitis | Pharyngitis

Upper Respiratory Tract Infections Concept Map
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Upper Respiratory Tract Infections Concept Map: An Overview

This map represents the 3 main upper respiratory tract infections which are: otitis media, rhinosinusitis, and pharyngitis. For each disease, the map links between pathophysiology, causative microorganisms, how to differentiate between viral and bacterial infections, and how to manage bacterial infections using antibiotics. The aim of this map is to direct clinicians towards better antibiotic use in order to avoid microbial resistance to antibiotics.

Otitis media concept map

Full map and explanation is presented here

Rhinosinusitis (sinusitis) concept map

This map starts by risk factors and associated conditions of rhinosinusitis that lead to inflammation of the nasal and sinus mucosa and finally to acute rhinosinusitis. This is followed by possible factors for developing chronic rhinosinusitis. Some signs and symptoms are stated to help differentiating between viral from bacterial rhinosinusitis. Nonpharmacological treatment of rhinosinusitis facilitates sinus drainage and relieves symptoms. Regarding acute bacterial rhinosinusitis, nonsevere cases could be observed for 7 days with administration of nonpharmacological treatment. On the other hand, moderately severe to severe cases should be treated using antibiotics.

Pharyngitis concept map

This part concentrates on acute pharyngitis, the main etiology is infectious, including mainly viral infection and to a smaller extent infection by Group A beta hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS). Although, it is difficult to differentiate clinically, there are some signs that might be helpful to differentiate viral from GAS pharyngitis. Diagnosis of pharyngitis depends on the 4 Centor criteria, Rapid Antigen Detection Test (RADT), and Throat Culture. Management of viral pharyngitis doesn’t require antibiotics. Antibiotics (penicillin, or erythromycin for a penicillin-allergic patient) are necessary in managing GAS pharyngitis in order prevent acute rheumatic fever.

Upper Respiratory Tract Infections Concept Map Folded Poster

We hope you find Upper Respiratory Tract Infections Concept Map helpful.  You can access part of the map for free through this link. But if you want to order it as a folded map, whole map  or a printable version, then you can order below.

Map's Format



Folded Poster

The maps is printed out on ordinary A1 size paper and it is folded to be nearly sized as A4 paper.


To be sent to your address through the Egyptian Registered Postal Mail.

Delivery in Egypt takes few days,

Other countries: 2-3 weeks; you can upgrade to express mail. Please contact us for details.

Already printed out.
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Whole Map

It's the map's soft copy. You will have the map as a whole on your computer screen.

Electornic; Download link.

A .pdf file for the whole map will be available for download immediately after payment received.

Printing the .pdf file of the map is not allowed.
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Printable Version

The map is split into pages to be printed on nine A4 papers. After printing them, you have to tape the edges together to make a folded poster.

Electornic; Download link.

A .pdf file for the printable version of the map will be available for download immediately after payment received.

Printing is allowed. The map is to be printed out on several pages.
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Upper Respiratory Tract Infections Concept Map by Maha Atef, B Pharm
Last updated: December 2012

Related Map(s)
Otitis Media Concept Map 

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